There are hundreds of guides, handbooks, tutorials, videos, and walkthroughs on how to accomplish any given Linux task. MineOS is one of those (or all of them), but with a single twist: it is specifically tailored to create a Minecraft server. In this way, I greatly simplify the process by filtering out all the overwhelming and unnecessary tasks listed in normal guides, and I can focus strictly on the Minecraft-relevant ones; I provide a targeted approach to building Linux, learning its internals, and successfully hosting Minecraft.
MineOS Turnkey is the current flagship distribution of MineOS. Based on the proven Debian foundation, Turnkey Linux is a perfect delivery system: a trimmed, yet supremely extensible server platform. Respun with MineOS components pre-configured, MineOS Turnkey is the quickest way to get a managed hosting platform for Minecraft, capable of starting/stopping, backing up, restoring and archiving your worlds.
The original MineOS aimed at creating the smallest possible minecraft server, automating the process as much as possible for the user, while compromising none of Linux' capabilities.
MineOS CRUX is a entirely different project than MineOS with the same goals on a different platform. MineOS CRUX is a fully-featured and optimized server distribution that follows familiar Linux conventions to create a high-powered, intuitive, server configuration.
MineOS Turnkey is the latest iteration in MineOS ISOs. Using the tried-and-true Debian as a foundation, MineOS Turnkey gives the user a familiar environment (apt-get, etc.) while coming ready out-of-the-box to host.
See a MineOS comparison
MineOS Turnkey is within the reach of the Linux novice as much as (or more so) than generic server distributions; in combining a comprehensive wiki and Youtube videos, MineOS Turnkey provides an ideal starting point for learning.
MineOS Turnkey is based on Debian, making it familiar to those with previous experience in Debian/Ubuntu/Turnkey. In addition, the web-ui is distro-agnostic, which means it can be installed on any *nix distribution, including CentOS/BSD.
MineOS is branching out to other distributions for those who are looking for MineOS script/webui usability, but do not wish to use a pre-configured ISO. Currently, there are the instructions for the following distributions:
This is the ISO for installing the NodeJS based webui.
Current 64-bit ISO download, based on Debian "Buster" (~560MB). This is the recommended download! It comes with OpenJDK11 right out of the box.
Previous version ISOs
Also available are the previous ISOs, based on the old Debian LTS release, which comes with OpenJDK7/8. The webui and all functionality within are identical, but the former is more current in terms of the underlying distro/package repositories. You really shouldn't download these at all. They're here for posterity, but trust me: if the 64-bit ISO above doesn't work, just download any of the available distros listed on the sidebar and install the webui to there, it will be substantially easier.
"Stretch" 64-bit ISO download, (~400MB). It comes with OpenJDK8.
"Jessie" 32-bit ISO download ~300MB
"Jessie" 64-bit ISO download ~ 400MB (scripts need to be updated before use, after install)
"Wheezy" 64-bit ISO download ~300MB
Python-based MineOS Turnkey ISOs are approximately 250MB. These downloads are available strictly for posterity and are not recommended.